Monoprint in Clay

by AMACO brent

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A plaster slab can be used as a canvas to make an image using AMACO® Velvet Underglazes, AMACO® Liquid Underglazes, AMACO® Gloss Decorating Colors and the AMACO® Semi-Moist Underglaze (watercolor) trays.

The advantage of drawing and painting with ceramics on a plaster slab is having the luxury of time when working on an image. The underglazes and slips get absorbed and are held in the plaster until you’re ready to pour the casting slip over it.

The image created on the plaster slab is transferred to clay using the monoprint process, which is a printmaking technique. This method of creating an image requires working from foreground to background when making your images, because the information is reversed during the transfer (printing) process. This means when you’re overlapping colors, the first ones applied are the foreground, then layers over the top of these initial colors develop into the background. The colors can also be applied side-by-side, without overlapping, so the image you see is what you get when reversed.


Background of face

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Apply face background.


Create Background

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After the front image is complete, create the backdrop behind the figure and around head.


Preparation

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Mask out the print area on the plaster slab with tape.


Sketch

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Sketch the outlines of your design, keeping in mind that the image and any text will be reversed in the transfer process. The first few prints won’t look exactly the way you expect until this way of drawing becomes more comfortable for you.


Outline with Underglaze

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Use AMACO® Underglazes in squeeze applicator to create permanent outlines. You can use water to erase or soften your outlines. Unwanted pencil lines can be erased with a damp sponge. They will also burn out during firing if not erased.


Work foreground first

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Use AMACO® Semi-Moist Underglazes to shade as you would with watercolors. Because you’re working in reverse process here, these shadings will be the blush of skin tones on the image’s surface when transferred.


Add background color last

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Apply the background colors for the figure.


Background colors complete

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Flowing color in background

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Moisten and let the color run to create the flowing backdrop.


Finishing background

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Adding and darkening the flow of underglazes; adding more complexity to the flowing background.


Remove tape

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Clean up borders

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Reapply tape

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Place fresh tape borders for slip application.


Apply underglaze

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Apply White Underglaze to the background behind figure and flowing halo. The layering behind the portrait figure helps to create an illusion of dimensionality.


Remove tape

Now the image is complete and you can remove the tape borders.


Cut Clay "Dams"

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Once the image is complete and is dry to the touch, create a clay dam that works as a mold box for the casting slip to be poured and firmed up to create the clay print. To make this clay dam, roll out a clay slab approximately 3/8 of an inch thick and cut into 1″ strips.


Apply Slip to Dams

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Apply slip to the adhering edge by brush casting slip (same as you’re going to use to pour the image) onto the edge of the clay strip.


Build Dam

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Make the wall around the slab by attaching it to the surface of the plaster slab around the image.


Finished Dam

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Pour casting slip

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Pour casting slip over the image to desired thickness. Start at one end and work your way over to the other side. If the casting slip is thin, it will level out on its own. If the casting slip is a little thick, you’ll need to level it out with a spreader.


Allow to set

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Allow the casting slip to harden for about 15 minutes. When firm to the touch, cut off the clay walls, check to see if it is strong enough to remove.


Remove from plaster

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Place a piece of plastic cling wrap on back of clay print and then a piece of cardboard. Carefully flip it over and remove the plaster bat. The clay print can continue to dry on the piece of cardboard. Drywall or a wooden board work just fine as well.


Dry and Fire

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Allow to dry and fire as recommended for casting slip.


Supplies

    Balsa Foam
  1. Liquid Underglazes Any Clay
  2. Underglaze Applicator Glaze Brushes Plaster Slab Tape
  3. Velvet Underglazes