Anthropomorphic Animals

by AMACO brent

Large dino 6625

Construct Whimsical and Humorous Animals in Human Clothing.

Anthropomorphism is ascribing human traits to non-human objects and animals. Throughout history animals have been humanized for religious, literary, or artistic purposes. Have students look at Egyptian imagery and religion, Greek mythology, and Contemporary art to find many different sources of inspiration. Once they are done researching, have them select an animal. Have them develop a personality for the creature and a come up with a story and human outfit. Have fun!


Video

To see the whole process, watch here.


Draw Animal in Clothing

Large 1 deb drawing

Start with a sketch or copied image of the chosen animal and give it a persona through clothing. Examples include a Tyrannosaurus Rex in a Prom Dress, a Cat in Biker leather, a Rabbit in Pirate hat and Eyepatch, or a Deer in Hunting Clothing.


Sketch the construction

Large 2 deb sketch for construction

Make a second sketch planning out the construction of the figure. Reduce the piece to it's most basic shapes, cylinders, spheres, etc. Rather than trying to make an animal and add "clothing", which can lead to uneven drying and air pockets that might blow out in the kiln, make the clothing part of the form.


Pinch Main body

Large 3 pinch body

Pinch Shapes that can be joined for the body. Set aside and allow to become a little firmer (just under leather hard).


Slabs

Large 4 assemble base

Roll out slabs. Cut base or bottom. Figures don't need to have a flat base, but some might. It's a good idea to make the air hole in the base at this time.


Support Structure

Large 5 support slab

Make a support slab if needed.


Body

Large 6 cut holes for connecting

Join pinch forms to make body. Score and slip and use a coil to join. Make sure to cut a hole that allows air flow between body and base.


Attach Body to Base

Large 7 body to base


Manipulate Body

Large 8 manipulate body

Use fingers or tools to give the body its general form, show musculature under clothing, etc. If needed, cut a hole to work from the inside.


Patch

Large 9 patch

Use a thin slab to patch openings made to manipulate the form. Don't add slabs on top of closed clay, as you might trap air that can blow out in the firing.


Paddle

Large 10 paddle

Gently paddle to shape.


Head

Large 11 open mouth

Make head hollow is larger than 3/4" thick. Make as a pinch pot. Hold up to body for scale. Cut mouth to open.


Mouth

Large 12 tongue and mouth

Use a slab to make mouth and tongue. Make teeth and join with slip.


Arms

Large 13 arms

Make arms solid and attach to body by scoring and slipping and sealing seam with a small coil. Toes and legs can be attached the same way. Add extra clay for the tail.


Preparing to Attach Head

Large 14 attach head

Cut hole and score


Join Head

Large 15 attach head


Smooth

Large 16 smooth

Smooth using a metal scraper or rubber rib. Drape of fabric is made by adding small coils.


Ruffles

Large 17 ruffles

Edges of fabric are made with a small coil smoothed on one side. Ruffles are made with small coils crumpled to make a wiggle, then scored and attached.


Texture

Large 18 texture dino

Use a tool to give a texture. Fur might need a scoring tool or stiff brush, scales might require a round or cylindrical tool. Here a scaly texture is made with a wooden dowel.


Eye Socket

Large 19 eye socket

Press in for the eye socket and score.


Eyes

Large 20 eye ball

Eyeball is made with a small ball, pressed into eye socket gently. Use a pen lid or a small tool to make pupils in eyes.


Eye Ridge

Large 21 eye ridges

Eyelids are optional depending on the animal. Here An eye ridge is made with a coil, textured with a wood tool.


Sprigging Details

Large 22 necklace

Many details are added by sprigging -- making small parts and joining. Liberally use thick slip and press gently to join.


Firing

Large 23 ready to dry and fire

Finished Deb ready to dry and fire. Dry slowly and thoroughly before bisque firing.


Glazing

Large 24 firing and glazing

Glaze with glazes which will suit the textures and patterns of the chosen animal. We used LG series glazes for Debs body, and Teachers Choice / Teachers Palette for her dress, teeth, and eyes.


Completed Deb the Dino

Large deb  finished


Additional Examples: Geisha Fox

Large fox1 fired

The Fox was glazed with LG glazes, her clothing and fan used the Teachers Choice / Teachers Palette line of glazes.


Additional Examples: Hunter Deer

Large deer 6205


Supplies

    Pencil Paper
  1. Terra Cotta Stoneware Clay No.77 Moist
  2. Hardwood Modeling Tools Rubber Rib No. 1 Teacher's Palette Glazes Liquid Gloss Glazes Glaze Brushes